Saint Petersburg is Russia’s second-largest city after Moscow. it was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27, 1703. On 1 September 1914, the name was changed from Saint Petersburg to Petrograd and on 26 January 1924 to Leningrad. And on 7 September 1991 back to Saint Petersburg. Between 1713 and 1728 and in 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the capital of Imperial Russia. In 1918, the central government moved to Moscow. President Vladimir Putin was born in Saint Petersburg.
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Saint Petersburg Situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. The area of Saint Petersburg city proper is 605 square kilometers.
Saint Petersburg is one of the modern cities of Russia, as well as its cultural capital. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saint Petersburg is home to the Hermitage, one of the largest art museums in the world.
Saint Petersburg has three large cargo seaports: Bolshoi Port, Kronstadt, and Lomonosov. The first Russian railway was built here in 1837. The city is connected to the rest of Russia and the wider world by a number of federal highways and national and international rail routes. Pulkovo Airport serves the majority of air passengers departing from or arriving to the city.
Saint Petersburg has a significant historical and cultural heritage. Saint Petersburg is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list as an area with 36 historical architectural complexes and around 4000 outstanding individual monuments of architecture, history and culture. Saint Petersburg is home to more than two hundred museums, many of them hosted in historic buildings.
Saint Petersburg has a somewhat undeserved reputation for being a dangerous city. As with most other major cities, avoid traveling alone at night, and do not get into altercations with drunks. If traveling at night, it is recommended to stay on the main sidewalks and avoid any dark alleys or yards. Gypsy cabs are not recommended under any circumstances, especially those that linger near bars where expatriates and tourists congregate. Downtown and western parts of the city are safest. Suburbs like Kupchino, Veteranov, Ligovo and Sennaya in the centre should be avoided at night time.
There is a wide and excellent selection of great clubs that will satisfy all tourists looking to spend the night out. The city hosts clubs of all music. Rock, pop, jazz, hip hop/RnB, and a lot more.
Saint Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia. As of the 2017, Its population is over 50 million or 3.6% of the total population of Russia.
Russian Orthodoxy is the main religion in St. Petersburg (there are about 91% of the faithful people), but there are also followers of other religions, including Muslims(5%), Catholics (1%) and Jews (1%).
Saint Petersburg is a major trade gateway, serving as the financial and industrial centre of Russia. Its oil and gas trade; shipbuilding yards, aerospace industry, electronics technology, software, and computers, heavy machinery, military equipment, mining, instrument manufacturer. Ten percent of the world’s power turbines are made there.
Leningrad hosted part of the association football tournament during the 1980 Summer Olympics. The 1994 Goodwill Gameswere also held here. Saint Petersburg’s new super-modern stadium is built on the site of the Kirov Stadium on Krestovsky Island which is one of the country’s largest stadiums. Saint Petersburg Stadium to stage Round of 16 game, semi-final and match for third place of Fifa world cup.